Albania Geography

    Location: Southeastern Europe, bordering the Adriatic Sea and Ionian Sea, between Greece and Serbia and Montenegro

    Geographic coordinates: 41 00 N, 20 00 E

    Map references: Europe

    total: 28,748 sq km
    land: 27,398 sq km
    water: 1,350 sq km

    Area - comparative: slightly smaller than Maryland

    Land boundaries:
    total: 720 km
    border countries: Greece 282 km, The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia 151 km, Serbia and Montenegro 287 km (114 km with Serbia, 173 km with Montenegro)

    Coastline: 362 km

    Maritime claims:
    continental shelf: 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation
    territorial sea: 12 nm

    Climate: mild temperate; cool, cloudy, wet winters; hot, clear, dry summers; interior is cooler and wetter

    Terrain: mostly mountains and hills; small plains along coast

    Elevation extremes:
    lowest point: Adriatic Sea 0 m
    highest point: Maja e Korabit (Golem Korab) 2,753 m

    Natural resources: petroleum, natural gas, coal, chromium, copper, timber, nickel, hydropower

    Land use:
    arable land: 21%
    permanent crops: 5%
    permanent pastures: 15%
    forests and woodland: 38%
    other: 21% (1993 est.)

    Irrigated land: 3,410 sq km (1993 est.)

    Natural hazards: destructive earthquakes; tsunamis occur along southwestern coast

    Environment - current issues: deforestation; soil erosion; water pollution from industrial and domestic effluents

    Environment - international agreements:
    party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Hazardous Wastes, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands
    signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

    Geography - note: strategic location along Strait of Otranto (links Adriatic Sea to Ionian Sea and Mediterranean Sea)

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